Different Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is commonly known as a condition that accounts for a group of metabolic diseases in which someone has high blood sugar (blood glucose), either due to inadequate insulin production, or because of improper response of the body’s cells to insulin, or else both. 

A brief list of symptoms of diabetes includes frequent urination (polyuria), severe hunger (polyphagia), thirst (polydipsia), and fatigue. These are the symptoms through which a person can assume whether he has diabetes or not; however, the certain way of identifying the condition is having a Glucose Tolerance Test or blood sugar test.

 Type 1 diabetes is the more severe kind than type 2. It is usually dealt with particular dietary restrictions, exercise and from time to time with insulin. Initially Type 1 diabetes is treated with exercise, special diet, and a weight loss program before insulin is added.  This type of diabetes is regarded as an insulin dependent treatment. People typically are inflicted with type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, mostly in teenage stage or early adulthood.

Type 2 diabetes, a less severe form of diabetes, is primarily dealt with a diabetic diet, weight loss plan and exercise.  If theses steps are not sufficient enough in controlling insulin level and blood sugar, oral drugs may require at that time. Insulin is the last remedy if those measures are also proved as unsuccessful. In this case, the pancreas still can generate the reasonable levels of insulin but the body may become resistant to it. 

Type 2 diabetes usually strikes in an adult who are over 40 years old and that’s why it is occasionally called Late-Onset Diabetes. It is possible to delay the inception of Type 2 diabetes if it exists in the family. Through getting the right amount of exercise, losing weight, and controlling diet, a person can manage this type of diabetes; however; if it is not handled properly, sooner or later the same complications may be seen as Type 1 diabetes. 

Pregnant women are usually encountered with Gestational diabetes. It passes away after the birth of the baby; but, uncontrolled or undiagnosed gestational diabetes can increase the risk of complications during childbirth.

 Juvenile Onset diabetes is another common type of diabetes that has an effect on many children.  It is considered to be the initiation of Type 1 diabetes.  If a child is seen even one or two of the symptoms of diabetes, s/he should be examined by a doctor.  It is projected that over two million juveniles are in the pre-diabetes stage. This is largely by reason of being overweight. In this stage, levels of blood glucose are moderately high, but not high enough to be considered diabetes.  Youngsters mostly develop this between the ages of 12 and 19.


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